Ephesus, one of the most famous cities of ancient times, was founded by a by. The fertility of the soil, the fact that it stood at the starting point of the Royal Route of trade to the east and that it was a very prominent religious center in pagan times and during Christianity.
It's situated near the town of Selcuk, is Turkey's most important ancient city and one of the best preserved and restored in the whole Classical World.
Dating back to 3000 years, one can still stroll for hours along its streets, temples, this theater, the famous Library of Celsius, the houses and statues.
Ephesus was first settled by the Hittite and Anatolian tribes. The ancient city of Ephesus whose ruins are visible today though was established by Lysimachos, one of the generals of Alexander the Great in 300 B.C.
The Temple of Artemis, measuring 125 by 60 meters, was built during the first part of the Archaic Period and is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This temple has been built seven times, according to antique writer Pliny.
The Temple of Hadrian, this temple is the most magnificent of the decorative structures in Ephesus, has been built by Quintillus during 118-138 A.D. And consecrated to emperor Hadrian.
The Theatre Gymnasium, it was built in the early Roman period and was named The Theatre Gymnasium as the building was used for the training of the actors of the theater.
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